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纪念七七抗战不要忽略了冯治安

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另外七十七,发布了一个旧的纪念(这篇文章是十多年前写的,这是在这个问题之后修订的)。

无论是什么样的承运人,无论进行什么样的纪念活动,只要第七十七次事件和第29次军队发动第一轮全面反战,或者是军事指挥官宋哲元,或者旅团长何继珍,吉兴文集团的负责人,金镇中营长,无论是麒麟馆还是牺牲的赵登宇,除了第37师师长冯志安外,什么也做不了。有关7月7日事件的电影和电视剧已经拍摄了很多。在这些作品中,他们也彰显宋,或突出佟,赵,或突出何继珍,而冯志安似乎是一个配角,甚至被忽视。这非常不公平。

在这场打开全面抵抗战争的大幕上,即使在第29军内,每个人的角色都不同,而前线的主角,唯一不能允许的是冯志安。

你为什么要这么说?

首先,这是因为冯志安的反日态度是最坚定的。卢沟桥上的枪声打开了八年抗争战争的序幕,但在这一重大事件开始时,29名军官中的许多人都没有意识到它即将进入史册史册。非常重要的联合点。虽然广大基层官兵没有英勇的英雄杀死敌人,但对于整个29军,这种打击并不是很好。过了一会儿,会停下来,开会;战斗,外观,和平和步伐不一致,整体运作计划尚未实施。为什么是这样?这是由第29军的态度决定的。由于华北的特殊情况和西北军的背景,与南京中央政府和日本人共同生活和发展中的两者之间的矛盾,这是第29军的甜头和持续计划。正因为如此,在7月7日事件爆发后,宋志远和张自忠,华北当局的高级官员,没有意识到日本希望借此机会全面入侵中国,不想打架,不想让事情变得更大。因为事情变得越来越大,中央军队必须进行干预。一旦中央军队介入,半独立的华北国家将不复存在,其团体和个人的利益将大大丧失。这是圆圈外的圆圈。我理解真相。然而,在这场全国战争爆发的时候,尽管第29军的高层领导人一样,尽管他们自己的利益有同样的得失,但每个人的理解和选择仍然不同。在第29军的四位领导人中,宋哲元和张自忠,冯志安,秦德春决心参战。

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图1第29军领导核心,左起张自忠,宋哲元,秦德春,冯志安

7月7日事件发生后,南京国民政府职工总部副主任熊斌于7月26日在卢沟桥事件第16次报告中从华北一线返回,以下报告反对29名官兵的日本态度:

"Song Zheyuan's attitude is unquestionable, but I hope that I will prepare for it and then fight against it. Qin Dechun and Feng Zhian have always been tough and dominated by the central government. Zhang Zizhong went to Japan to return, and there are two kinds of diseases, namely: (a) Because the Japanese gave many new weapons to visit, they feared the Japanese; (b) because the Japanese had their own preferential treatment and kissed the Japanese. However, the generals of the 9th Army were unanimous in their main battles, and Zhang did not dare to disagree. Liu Yuming’s attitude was also tough. Zhao Dengyu has no prejudice and is based on public opinion. The middle and lower level cadres and soldiers are completely enthusiastic. They will not hesitate to fight and morale will be available."

Feng Zhian’s tough attitude toward Japan is not something that comes after the gunshots of the Seven Seventh. In the year before the incident, Feng Zhian was headed, and Feng, Liu, and Zhao had a clear stance of not sharing the hatred of the traitors and never compromise on Japan. In the memoirs of Xiao Zhenying, there are the following records:

"Under the encirclement of the traitors, Song insisted on the publication of Qi Qianyuan and other members of the Political Committee. More than ten people, such as Qi Qi, will arrive in the city by train, and Feng Zhian and others will be in Yu Yu. The deputy official Wang Peichen will return to Feng and report that he will meet. At the station, Feng Qihe said: 'Which traitors do not kill, why will they be against the country.' After the words are gone. Zhao Dengqi slammed the case and said: 'This will kill the gang rape. 'Get it. Liu Yiming also hit the table. From the beginning: 'When killing this generation of traitors, to show the world. 'The words also go. Yu Hufeng and so on. Qin Dechun, Zhang Weizhen rushed to save four more: 'So big things for discussion. 'The beginning of the public."

From this short text, Feng, Liu, and Zhao’s anti-Japanese attitudes are on the paper. In fact, Qin Dechun's anti-Japanese attitude is no less inferior to Feng Zhi'an, but compared to the simple and rough of Feng, Liu, Zhao, etc. Qin should be more wise and wise.

xxOn July 19th after the incident, when Song and Zhang were still imagining and thus making unreasonable demands on the unreasonable demands of the Japanese troops stationed in North China, many troops in the 29th Army could not figure out whether to fight or not. At the time of the fight, a press release signed by Zhu Fu, for the first time, published Feng Zhian’s instructions to Ji Wanping and Jin Zhenzhong at the beginning of the incident. Feng’s words were generous and tragic, and he did not hesitate: “This is what you died after. Righteousness, you must have the determination to survive with the city, and you can't give up one step." Later, when this sentence was circulated, it was said: "The tomb of Lugouqiao, such as Seoul, can not be given a step back", and it has become an inspiration for the anti-Japanese war and the people to swear to defend the country. saying.

Through the mouth of the Japanese, through the fear and hatred revealed by the Japanese when talking about Feng Zhian, it is also possible to reverse the position of Xiao Feng during this period. Imai Takeo once said: "The anti-Japanese planning center is not so much in Beiping and Tianjin, but in Baoding (Feng's Hebei Provincial Government Office in Baoding)." After the incident, the Japanese repeatedly negotiated with the investigation authorities. It is proposed that the "anti-Japanese murderer" Feng Zhian and his 37 divisions will be transferred from Beiping. In the formulation of the Raiders Plan, its operational objectives are also mainly aimed at the "Twenty-seventh Division of Feng Zhi'an, who has the strongest anti-Japanese awareness of the 29th Army." In their view, Feng Zhian "has always been regarded as a terrible figure by Japan." From these broken pieces of information, it is not difficult to imagine how tough Feng Zhian's attitude toward Japan at that time.

Secondly, it is because Feng Zhian is the heaviest. Attitude to attitude, to play the biggest role in an armed conflict, attitude and not strength is also no good. He Jizhen, Liu Zizhen, Ji Xingwen, Dai Shouyi, Jin Zhenzhong and the following officers and men also have a strong desire to kill the enemy, but in such a big event, the position and function of the brigade commanders are naturally Can't compare with Feng.

xx副指挥官秦德春也和冯志安一样坚决打架。另一名副司令员,麒麟馆,也充满了强烈的抗日决心,但像许多老军队的情况一样,秦和禹是副指挥官。人们很难掌握一个棋子,他们的军事力量无法与冯志安相提并论。后者不仅有精英37师,而且在离开球队后,他还负责29支军队。

这里有一种情况需要说几句话,就是当宋离开军队时,他为什么不把军事力量交给副指挥官或参谋长,也不交给其他老师,而是交给冯志安?

在机长离开团队后,军事力量没有移交给副指挥官并移交给师的师长。这在民国时期的军队中是正常的,特别是在被称为西北军“私人”的军队中。情况就是这样。秦德春进入了第29军领导的核心,但是作为外国人而不是西北军队的秦德春,无法用极其强烈的封建色彩掌握第29军的军事力量。事实上,秦主要负责与北平市长的外交关系。

除了副司令员外,第29军还有参谋长,但旧军队的参谋长与我军今天的参谋长不同。当时,参谋长表现出更多的招聘角色,西北军队的参谋长。尤其如此,在宋的离开期间,绝对不可能将军事权力移交给参谋长。

至于为什么在宋离开球队之后,他没有将军事力量移交给其他几位老师,但是他把它交给了冯志安。这需要对具体问题进行具体分析。刘玉明的一代人在张峰之上(刘是西北军的十三架Taibaos之一,而张峰的资格晚于刘氏),但是刘的非29军队并没有驻扎在平津。远离查哈尔,由于许多复杂的原因,刘与宋之间的关系无法与冯,秦和张相提并论。因此,刘无法成为第29军的代理指挥官。

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图2秦德春,冯志安等审查部队

38师师长张自忠,其资历与冯治安相当,38师实力亦与37师不相上下,而且,在29军成军之时,张对宋是有恩的。中原大战西北军失败后,退到晋南的残部由张学良改编为东北边防军第3军(不久改番号为第29军)。张学良最初是准备要张自忠当军长的,但张在石敬亭的劝导下,主动将军长一职让出,并推荐宋哲元出任军长。就为这个,宋在感激张的同时,也欠了张自忠一笔人情债。有这种关系的人反而不好在一起共处。再加上张自忠个性强硬,锋芒毕露,自然不是同样倔强而且刚愎自用的宋哲元愿意留在身边依为心腹的角色。

132师实力既差,赵的资历比冯张二人还低,自然不可能了

骑兵9师实力更差,郑大章与宋的关系更远,自然也不可能了。

几个师长都说到了,再看冯治安了。冯的资历远不如宋,29军成军时冯也和宋一样是光杆加入的,不象张自忠,刘汝明,赵登禹那样原本就保留了相当实力,是带队加入的。冯对宋也只有感激敬仰而没有象张与宋那样的人情债务,所以宋对冯的指使更显泰然与无忌。而且冯又是一个对上奉命唯谨的人,又是一个毫无政治野心的人,又是一个和谁相处都和得来的人,又是一个练兵打仗还有一套的人,所以把军队交给这样的人自然也就是宋最放心的。后来的事实证明,宋每每不方便表态时,便要小冯替他出面当枪使,而后者也都能秉承宋的意旨,达成目的,比如冯出面威胁庞炳勋,逼走何应钦等

XX事实上,自从第29军驻扎在平津,当宋离开球队时,它始终是冯志安。在刘玉明的回忆录中,他曾说过“第29军的副司令在北平市长之后改变了他的祖先,但是军官的官事主要是由杨志看到的,所以他等于代理人总司令。“当第29军的主力部队退出平津,并重组为第一集团军时,当宋不在任时,他的指挥官和总司令仍由冯志安代表。

街道结束了。 1935年,第29军第一次抵达平津时,河北省委书记宋哲远,北平市市长秦德春,副司令员,天津市市长是第29军的总代表肖振铎。你能跟我说点什么吗?

在工作人员总部卢沟桥事件第16次报告会上,熊斌在第29军将军的报告中说:“鲁事件发生后,8日和10日,冯志安和秦德春决心进行反击。宋毅乐乐电气指挥部摧毁了敌人的脸。会议结束后,冯在主战后发表讲话,问张自忠他的意见是什么。张没有回答.到了10日,日军已经没有撤回,冯等人下令进行反击。日本人再次前往张自忠。许多亲日派人士正在进行疏浚,反击不成现实。宋到天津后,被许多人包围亲日元素,情况并不好。“在熊的这段经文中,不难看出冯的态度和歌曲没有到位。他扮演的角色。

当然,在那个时代,代理指挥官冯志安能够动员张自忠的38个师和刘玉明的143师。这是令人怀疑的,但没有像京畿道第37师宋哲元的母亲这样的东西。这是任意随意的,赵登的132师是听听的问候(132师是37师的一部分,赵师是冯的下属,而且在抗日态度上与冯一致),而且这个,够了。

第三,这是因为冯处于最突出的位置。像冯志安坚定的抗日态度一样,刘玉明和赵登琪都是老师,也有很强的抗日热情。他们还掌握了几个旅的可战斗部门,但刘的143师远离查哈尔。该部门没有参与此事件;赵氏132师驻扎在Lang中,只有一部分被转移到平角。由于这两个人的位置远离卢沟桥,两者的位置和作用自然因距离而减弱。

冯志37师不同。事件发生时,该师驻扎在平湖之间,包括卢沟桥。陈春荣第109旅,张灵运在保定的独立25旅和何继玉的第110旅被西守卫。在豫园,八宝山,卢沟桥和长辛店地区,刘子珍的第111旅位于北平市。冯氏第37师位于北平西苑,河北省并行办事处位于保定。

进入1937年春,为了防止日本的挑衅和应对可能的冲突,该师增加了卢沟桥地区的实力,提高了战备水平。第110旅第110旅的第三营部署在卢沟桥的岸边。该营得到加强,其力量远远超过当时的任何步兵营。有4个步兵巡逻队,1个轻型迫击炮,1个重型迫击炮,1个重机枪和1,400个全职营。在活动中与日本人发生冲突的第一件事就是营地。

如果你想在这个重大事件中发挥作用,就没有积极的反日态度。如果你有积极的态度,没有士兵你就无法做到。如果你有积极的态度,你将不会成为事件的中心。由于冯志安有这种强硬的反日态度,他负责第29军,至少是第37和第132师,也是第一个站在卢沟桥事件最前线的人,所以有充分的理由说7月7日事件的第1号前线这个角色,不是长期藏在山东的故乡,仍然是军队小军事的幻想,宋哲元,而不是副司令员和参谋长。军事力量,不一样的老师,也是抗日但不发生事件的刘玉明和赵登宇都不是大队的第一线反对敌的营长。他们只能是驻扎在宛平并负责宋朝的第29主力军团的负责人冯志安。

据说冯志安是7月7日事件第一号的主角。从双方的态度也可以清楚地看出这一点。卢沟桥枪击事件开始后,由冯志安和秦德春率领的前线战争中,南京政府对此事件进行了数十次密集通报,南京和卢沟桥前线的电报仍在进行中。它也主要通风两者。 7月8日,中共中央发出《中国共产党为日军进攻卢沟桥通电》,其中“我们应该赞扬和支持冯志安的英勇战争!我们应该赞扬支持北方共存的宣言”中国当局和国家!我们要求宋哲远将军立即动员所有29军队,前线应该打。“从这次开机的路线,我们也可以看到冯在这次事件中的位置。

中日之间的战争是不可避免的。冯志安不得不打仗而不打仗。他必须尽早打架并且迟到,但这不是因为冯志安的角色不是很好。错误。历史充满了意外,也就是说,它总是选择特定的时间和特定的人来描绘,作为打开新页面的标志。加加林不在天上,有些人会去天堂;曼青的丧钟在双十的那天没有响起,不久就会响起,但是历史选择了加加林,并选择了双十天,并且进入历史的史册,这是事实。 1937年7月7日,国民革命军第37师师冯志安是历史老人的又一选择。

片断成为这个辉煌时刻的标志性人物,但张没有选择,但应该选择从未有过任何政治野心的冯志安,让他和卢沟桥一起,连同七七事变,永远地球在历史书中。

抗日战争时期,国民党,共产党和社会媒体的冯志安宣传活动十分活跃。为纪念7月7日的抗战,冯志安被置于首位受到称赞。只要你说齐齐,只要你谈卢沟桥,就要说冯志安。冯志安的名字几乎与七秋和卢沟桥有关。即使是年度的画报,在介绍第七十七届抗日战争时,也使冯志安的照片比宋哲元和秦德春的照片更大更突出。那时候,与今天的情况相反,如果你知道孙立人,王耀武,杜玉明等人,他一定知道冯建安是谁;但反过来,知道冯建安是谁,他可能不知道孙立人,王耀武,杜玉明。谁在等

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图2显示了7月7日的抗日战争画面

以上对每个人的解释:右上:宋哲元,第29军司令;左上:北平市市长秦德春;右下:指挥抗日战争的第29军指挥官徐廷玉;下图:抗日战争第29军指挥官刘子珍;钟:冯志安,抗日战争第37师。从冯的位置图和引言文本的不同,可以看出,这一事件所起的作用是不同的。

但不幸的是,无论是大陆还是台湾,历史之轮转向了四九年。在谈到7月7日事件时,谈到关于秦谈赵的讲话,有很多,但很少有人谈论冯志安。海峡两岸发表的“七七”事变的历史充满了热情,但很少有关于冯的回忆。在抗日战争期间,连报纸都被报纸反复转载,几乎没有人知道冯志安的判决,除了坟墓的修辞外,没有人想说什么。 1986年,在中国人民政治协商会议全国委员会发表的《七七事变》回忆录专辑中,有如此多的回忆文章。基本上,军大队营的每个人都写过,但是找不到一篇关于冯志安的特别文章,全书只有四篇关于冯志安回忆的评论,这四个方面的总和不到50个字。你可以看到1972年纪念第29军的七年抗日战争的另一部分:“长城战争,何静率数十万军队,宋朝镇,宋朝第29军被认为是一场强大的战斗。军队,赵登宇,西峰口的杀敌;刘玉明的石家庄的坚固防守;张自忠的台儿庄的伟大胜利,以及渭河战役的第28和第9年等,充分展示了宋哲远在董事长的信任下系统的第二十九军具有特殊的战斗力。“它给人的印象是,第29军似乎没有冯志安这样的东西。看看今天关于抗战的在线论坛。不像今年的180度情况,王耀武,孙立人和杜玉明可能没有人知道没有人,你要问冯志安谁害怕有很多人不能说一两个。如果你量化它,你可以看到有多少关于杜玉明,孙立人和王耀武的帖子,以及有多少关于冯志安的帖子。后者担心即使是20%的前者也不会。

冯志安让人忘记。

为什么曾经在两党和大众媒体中非常受欢迎的冯志安今天如此冷酷?因着名的贾王起义。

Because of this, Feng has fallen into an embarrassing situation in which both the KMT and the Communist Party are not waiting to see, and this situation has always affected today.

why? Because as a party of the Communist Party, Feng is the one who fights for the right one. I don’t know how much effort it took. At the last minute, it still failed to promote him to lead the uprising. Although his troops almost all let He Jizhen and Zhang Kexia bring it, However, the anti-Japanese hero of Feng Zhi'an was absent from the list of uprisings, and his political influence was greatly reduced. Finally, Feng insisted that he went to Taiwan with Jiang. It is a reactionary reaction. You said that the army can wait for him.

How does the national army look at him? So many of your cronies and generals are Communists. Do you really know or care? Moreover, the two military forces actually let the two deputy commanders dragged the troops and rebelled, and this rebellion seriously affected the overall situation of Xu Wei’s battle. What crime should you say? It is already a politeness to be arrogant that Chiang Kai-shek, who has been defeated by shame, is absolutely polite, but if he still enjoys honor in Taiwan, it will be impossible.

For this, he is a reactionary loyal to Jiang Yibang; for that, he is a sinner of the party state suspected of pro-communism, and you say where he is going to please.

If he could not read his brother's friendship in the past, he would not give He Jizhen and Zhang Kexia the opportunity to control the troops in the slightest. Resolutely eliminate the suspects of the Communist Party in the army, and lead the army and the Communists to fight the death. Although they could not help but fail, they might die. However, when Taiwan talks about the July 7 Incident, it will surely put it in the first place to give it a flutter.

If he accepted the CCP's rebellion and could reverse the opposites like Ji Zhentong and Gao Shuxun, then he would be able to enjoy the supreme after liberation, even if he could not escape the Cultural Revolution, at least in the film and television drama of the July 7 Incident, he would be regarded as Zheng No.1. The protagonist will not be ignored as a dispensable character as it is today.

xx如果他能像他的老朋友张自忠一样捐出自己的身体对抗日本战场,那么当台湾海峡两岸谈到七七事件时,他们就会把他带到天堂并像上帝一样赞美他。

不幸!他没有。结果,冯志安被有意或无意地边缘化和稀释。这是英雄的悲伤,也是后来统治者的悲哀。

在悠久的历史悠久的历史中,一个人,也许只是在某个特定的时刻,足以留在这个世纪。 7月7日事件绝对是关键时刻。在中华民族生存和死亡的历史关头,树木将军冯志安对同事们的宽容和宽容,在侵略者面前表现出强烈的民族自尊和惊人的韧性。不经意间,军队终于开始了全国抵抗战的第一枪。正因为如此,无论他对未来哪一方所表达的不满,在谈到七七事件时,他今天都不应该被忽视。

我们应该记住他 - 冯建安。